Breathing Exercises (Prana-yama)

Breathing Exercises (Prana-yama)
Breath-work nourishes our autonomic nervous system, which works behind the scenes in response to physical and mental stress. Breath-work has a multitude of benefits for the body including balancing cortisol levels, increasing resilience to stressors and boosting immunity.

Complete Breath

Benefits:

  • Purifies the bloodstream and enriches it
  • Develops the chest and diaphragm
  • Strengthens lungs, thorax and abdomen
  • Increases resistance to colds
  • Calms the nervous system
  • Aids digestion
  • Clears up phlegm
  • Helps to lift depression

Technique:

  1. Sit in a comfortable cross-legged position or in a chair.
  2. Straighten your back, which will straighten your thorax for easier breathing.
  3. Inhale slowly through the nose, breathing deeply and consciously.
  4. Take five seconds to fill the lower part of the lungs, by expanding the ribs and pushing the abdomen out.
  5. Concentrate on filling the top of the lungs for the next five seconds. This will expand the chest and tighten the abdomen slightly.
  6. Hold the breath for 1-5 seconds.
  7. Exhale slowly until you have emptied the lungs.
  8. Repeat 4-5 times more.

Do’s and Don’ts:

  • DO establish a rhythmic rise and fall of your abdomen, to promote regular breathing.
  • DO attempt to breathe inaudibly after you have gotten the knack of deep breathing.
  • DO concentrate on your breathing alone, with your eyes closed if you wish. It allows you to do the technique better, and it is also a preparation for meditation.
  • DO push your abdomen out as you breathe in and pull the abdomen in as you breathe out.
  • DO give an extra snort as you exhale to rid yourself of stale waste-matter in the bottom of the lungs.  
  • DO NOT slump. For maximum efficiency, the thorax must be straight.

Alternate Nostril Breath

Benefits:

  • Has a calming effect on the nervous system
  • Helps to overcome insomnia
  • Relaxes and refreshes the body
  • Purifies the bloodstream and aerates the lungs
  • Soothes headaches
  • Improves digestion and appetite
  • Helps to free the mind of anxiety and depression

Technique:

  1. Sit in a comfortable cross-legged position with your back straight.
  2. Raise your RIGHT hand and place your ring finger against your LEFT nostril, closing it off.
  3. Inhale deeply and slowly through the RIGHT nostril to the count of four.
  4. Close off the RIGHT nostril with your thumb and retain the breath for a count of 1-4 seconds.
  5. Open the LEFT nostril and exhale to the count of 4-8 seconds.  The longer you can make the exhalation, the better.  Concentrate on completely emptying the lungs.
  6. Breathe in through that same LEFT nostril to the count of four.
  7. Close off the nostril with the ring finger again and hold to the count of 1-4 seconds.
  8. Exhale through the RIGHT nostril to the count of 4-8 seconds.  This makes up one round.
  9. Repeat these rounds of alternate nostril breathing five more times, or up ten minutes if you are concerned about insomnia.
  10. Practice a ratio of 4:4:8, if at all possible.  Increase this to 8:4:8 eventually, then to 8:8:8 after some months.

Do’s and Don’ts:

  • DO practice the Alternate Nostril Breath whenever you need calming – if you are nervous, upset or irritable.
  • DO NOT push yourself with the holding position or by increasing the ratio until you are comfortable doing so.
  • DO NOT make the breathing rhythmic, smooth and slow.  You can work on making it inaudible eventually.
  • This breath balances the relationship between the body and the mind.

The Cleansing Breath

Benefits:

  • Clears lungs, sinuses and nasal passages
  • Relieves colds
  • Tones the nervous system
  • Strengthens the lungs, thorax and abdomen
  • Purifies the bloodstream and clears the head
  • Aids digestion
  • Stimulates the liver, spleen and pancreas

Technique:

  1. Sit in a comfortable cross-legged position or a chair with your back straight.
  2. Inhale deeply, pushing the abdomen out, and taking in as much air as possible in the space of 1 second.
  3. Whack your abdomen forcefully to expel the air through the nostrils.  The sensation should be one of having been punched in the stomach.
  4. Inhale again by pushing the abdomen out and letting the air rush back into the vacuum created by the exhalation.
  5. The whole process, inhalation and exhalation should take not much more than 1-1/2 seconds. Both should be forceful and will be quite audible.
  6. Repeat ten times. Then follow with a complete breath and repeat ten times more.

Do’s and Don’ts:

  • DO push the abdomen out as far as you can as you inhale.
  • DO work up to this breath. This breath is the most taxing of the pranayama.
  • DO be careful when doing this breath. Start with just a few reps and work your way up more. It is possible to feel dizzy and faint if this breath is practiced without caution.
  • DO NOT exhale consciously, but let the action of the abdomen do it for you.